## 19 Contrasting Interpretations

In the past, light was assumed to be a wave in a continuous medium, the luminiferous ether. The wave would therefore form a stationary interference pattern when it encountered the twin slits. Unfortunately, instruments developed to measure luminiferous ether could not detect it. Furthermore, other instruments showed that light interacts with other particles not as a wave but as a particle . The accepted interpretation is that elementary particles have bizarre properties that take them beyond the bounds of logic. Under such assumptions, a photon can be either a particle or a wave, depending on how you measure it. This is wave-particle duality.

The dual-universe hypothesis puts forward an alternative explanation. The wave we see on the screen indicates that after the twin slits, the arriving photons are steered into a stationary wave pattern by a standing wave of potential energy, similar to the fast-moving wave reducing deviations of photons caused by the spacetime lattice. Depending on their emerging speed and angle, individual photons are captured by different peaks or valleys of the standing wave. As the number of particles grows they portray the standing wave of potential energy that is steering them.

For a standing wave of potential energy to extend to the camera, the twin slits would have to divide a wave of potential energy traveling with the particles into two components that can produce the observed interference pattern. The candidate for this operation is a potential energy wave guiding the particles through the lattice. This will be of a wavelength that matches the kinetic energy and momentum of photons as they reach the slits. The slits divide this wave into two equal components with the same wavelength. The two components will therefore combine after the slits to form a standing wave that has the correct wavelength for steering particles passing through the slits. Only in this case, the standing wave does not provide the path-correction function of the traveling wave. Instead it diverts the photons into its own stationary wave pattern, made visible when the photons interact with particles in the camera feeding the display.

The characteristics of the standing waveform formed by the twin slits and similar experiments are well known. For photons, the number of waves per meter corresponds to the energy of the photon divided by a constant number (the reduced Planck constant). The angular frequency corresponds to the momentum of the photon multiplied by that constant. A similar relationship holds for electrons. This is consistent with the argument that both types of particle are governed by the same properties of the spacetime lattice and its interface with the second universe. But the energy-wavelength relationship conventionally attributed to a particle (under the notion that it can be both a wave and a particle) is replaced in the present description by a particle that always remains a particle, and by a guiding potential-energy wave that always remains a wave.

Updated 3/25/2017

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