Dual Universe: Science and Religion
           Spacetime and Void


Dark Energy

       As precipitation of spacetime quanta continues, the initial components of the universe are expanding exponentially at a constant density. The expansion exceeds the speed of light, holding the particle densities and temperatures of previously isolated clumps at levels they shared early in assembly. Coalescing around central black holes, multiple regions of the spacetime form the seeds of galaxies, , too far apart to interact with each other, but bearing signs of early closeness in common temperature and pressure fluctuations.

    The expansion eventually slows. It depended on a resonance between black holes and elementary particles when their energies met at the Planck mass. The resonance is lost as precipitation of spacetime cools the energy of the void. Deposition of particle O stops, the rate of expansion slows towards the value we see today, and the quanta continuing to precipitate in the phase change are empty.

    From this point, the particles, radiation, and black holes descended from particle O evolve by the accepted scenario. An energetic plasma produces particles that eventually coalesce in hydrogen, helium, and traces of lithium, followed by the release of expanding spheres of neutrinos and photons that form the background radiation of the universe. The amount of matter in spacetime is fixed, limiting its gravitational potential.

    Dark energy from the initial void continues to exist in the void between quanta. It is at a lower intensity now and exerts a negative pressure in spacetime. As such, it packs the incompressible quanta closer together. Einstein’s theory of relativity predicts that negative pressure will act as an anti-gravity, causing expansion of spacetime. In quantized spacetime with gravity limited, a continual growth in negative pressure due to continued creation of spacetime quanta will cause the expansion to accelerate, as recently observed.

< BACK     NEXT >