3 Assumptions for Average Speed

Achieving an average speed below that of light in quantized spacetime is a remarkable achievement, considering the difference between the pause state and the transfer state of a particle, and the difference between a particle that pauses and one that is always in the transfer state.

A muon, a form of heavy electron, always moves below the speed of light and displays pause state properties. It has mass, it decays radioactively (it ages), and is associated with a wave of length inversely proportional to its momentum (velocity times mass). A photon does not pause. Always moving at the speed of light, it has transfer state properties. It has no mass, it does not decay (no aging), and is associated with a wave of frequency proportional to its energy. So how can a mass particle (or more generally, a fermion) manage to make a transfer between quanta? A transfer at the speed of light is a property of a group of particles (such as the photon) known as bosons, which have no mass.

So, if mass particles are to average speeds slower than light in quantized spacetime, they must still make a certain number of transfers at light speed to achieve the average speed. The transfers, however, require bosons, which are massless and ageless. How can fermions meet these restrictions? I assume they lose their mass and stop aging at each transfer between spacetime quanta. A reduction of aging with speed is computed by Einstein’s special relativity as time dilation, which has been confirmed experimentally. But mass is not predicted to decrease as speed goes up, it increases, and this too is confirmed experimentally.

This is explained in quantized spacetime as follows. Particle mass is measured in the pause state, as is the radioactive lifetime of the particle. When a particle transfers between quanta, its mass is removed together with aging time. The latter is replaced bythe type of time required for a transfer. Transfer time and pause time intervals mus be equal to maintain synchronism of the matrix. To avoid breaking the law of conservation of energy (mass being energy) the mass in the remaining intrinsic quanta, after some have become transfer quanta, must increase. This is the increase experimentally observed. It is inversely proportional to the number of intrinsic quanta remaining. From this, quantized spacetime calculates the mass increase effect of special relativity.

In continuous infinitely divisible spacetime, a transfer at light speed would cause the particle mass to go to infinity, the recognized prediction for a mass particle travelling at light speed. In quantized spacetime, the extremely short quantum time interval allows the fermionic mass particle to convert to a temporary form of boson known as an anyon, as long as it gives back the energy required to reach light speed as it comes back to rest and converts back to a fermion after one Planck time. 6/3/2020

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