Extra-Solar Religion and Science

 

Energy of Eternity

If a exo-planet's science adopts a quantized spacetime, it could differ from the one suggested here in the minimum dimensions it chooses. But the main properties remain the same. The minimum length divided by the minimum time will still be the velocity of light. A spaceless and timeless eternity will still occupy the gaps between spherical quanta. The absence of spacetime dimensions in the region between quanta means it differs totally from the familiar empty space or vacuum. The appropriate term for such region beyond familiar space is “hyperspace”. The absence of dimensions in hyperspace means the bulk of its energy has no mass or gravity.  The surface of its interface with spacetime is not so deprived.

The interface between spacetime spheres has zero thickness, to be otherwise would mean there is a smaller dimension in space than the minimum expressed by quanta. Because of this, hyperspace has access to the dimensions of spacetime across the interface. However, as the surface has only two dimensions, hyperspace must make do with those two spatial dimensions plus one of time.

This is not as limiting as its sounds, because we are finding that two- dimensional interfaces have remarkable properties. For example, a two dimensional sheet of carbon atoms known as graphene has an extraordinarily high strength compared with its mass and is of great interest in advanced spacecraft. For elementary particles, there is a possibility that anyons, particles intermediate between bosons and baryons, may appear at the two-dimensional interface. For hyperspace energy, the two spatial dimensions it gains at the interface with spacetime are sufficient for it to exercise the properties of potential energy, maintained by the dimensionless resource of energy in the bulk of hyperspace.

We are familiar with potential energy of gravity energy around a massive body like Earth. It's as familiar as falling off a cliff. When we throw a rock vertically upwards, the kinetic energy of motion we give it perturbs that gravitational energy. As the rock rises, it is gaining potential energy, in the form of energy of position in the gravitational field. To satisfy the law of conservation of energy, which allows no gratuitous addition of energy in spacetime, the rock’s gain of potential energy is exactly offset by a loss of its kinetic energy.

Unless it was launched at escape velocity, the rock loses all of its kinetic energy and slows to a stop. At that point it has a maximum energy of position, which will drive it back to Earth, like falling off a cliff. It drops with increasing speed as the exchange in energies reverses. It loses potential energy, picks up the equivalent kinetic energy, and returns to the thrower at the speed it left with (if not slowed by air friction: verify this on the Moon).

Hyperspace’s involvement with such exchanges of energy of motion and position is essential for the control of motion in quantized spacetime. As such, the dimensions hyperspace energy gains at its interface with spacetime energy makes it a vital contributor to the motion of elementary particles and their various groupings, including planets, galaxies, and the great clusters and sheets of galaxies that give the universe structure. Much of its contribution is in form of guiding waves that minimize the effect of randomness in the spacetime matrix. In this way it keeps bodies on the correct path and ensures conservation of energy and momentum.

But there is also a second function for hyperspace at the interface with spacetime. This offers communication faster than the speed of light through the eternity of hyperspace. 7/12/2020   6:54

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